Koreas regenter

Koreas stadsvapen - Koreas regenter
Koreas stadsvapen

Koreas regenter – regeringstid

Eras:

Gojoseon 2333 – 108 BCE

Proto – Three Kingdoms 300 – 57 BCE

Buyeo, Goguryeo, Okjeo, Dongye

Jin, Samhan (Ma, Byeon, Jin)

Three Kingdoms 57 BCE – 668

Goguryeo 37 BCE – 668

Baekje 18 BCE – 660

Silla 57 BCE – 935

Gaya 42 – 562

North and South States 698 – 926

Unified Silla 668 – 935

Balhae 698 – 926

Later Three Kingdoms 892 – 936

Taebong, Hubaekje, Silla

Goryeo Dynasty 918 – 1392

Joseon Dynasty 1392 – 1897

Korean Empire 1897 – 1910

Colonial Korea 1910 – 1945

Provisional Gov’t 1919 – 1948

Division of Korea 1945 – present

North, South Korea 1948 – present

 

Gojoseon (c.2333 – 108 BCE) 2333 – ? BCE – Dangun Wanggeom (단군왕검 (檀君王儉)) — ? – BCE – King Bu (부왕 (否王)) ? – 194 BCE – King Jun (준왕 (準王))

Wiman Joseon 194 – ? BCE – Wi Man (위만 (衛滿)) ? – ? – Unknown (Son of Wi Man) ? – 108 BCE – King Ugeo (우거왕 (右渠王))

Buyeo

Eastern Buyeo (c.86 BCE – 22 CE) 86 – 48 BCE – Hae Buru (해부루 (解夫婁)) 48 – 7 BCE – Geumwa (금와왕 (金蛙王)) 7 BCE – 22 CE – Daeso (대소왕 (臺素王))

Galsa Buyeo 21 CE – ? – King of Galsa (갈사왕 (曷思王)) ? – 68 CE – Dodu (도두 (都頭))

Later Buyeo ? – ?, 2nd century – Wigutae (위구태왕 (慰仇太王)) ? – ?, 3rd century – Ganwigeo (간위거왕 (簡位居王))

? – ?, 3rd century – Maryeo (마려왕 (麻余王)) — ? – 285 CE – Uiryeo (의려왕 (依慮王)) 286 CE – ? – Uira (의라왕 (依羅王)) — ? – 346 CE – Hyeon (현왕 (玄王)) ? – 384 CE – Yeoul (여울왕 (餘蔚王)) — ? – 494 CE – Jan (잔 (孱))

Goguryeo (37 BC – 668 CE)

Legendary line 37 – 19 BCE – Dongmyeong (동명성왕 (東明聖王), 동명왕 (東明王)) 19 BCE – 18 CE – Yuri (유리왕 (琉璃王), 유리명왕 (琉璃明王)) 18 – 44 – Daemusin (대무신왕 (大武神王), 대해주류왕 (大解朱留王)) 44 – 48 – Minjung (민중왕 (閔中王))

Gungnae line 48 – 53 – Mobon (모본왕 (慕本王)) 53 – 146 – Taejo (태조[대]왕 (太祖[大]王), 국조왕 (國祖王)) 146 – 165 – Chadae (차대왕 (次大王)) 165 – 179 – Sindae (신대왕 (新大王)) 179 – 197 – Gogukcheon (고국천왕 (故國川王), 국양왕 (國襄王)) 197 – 227 – Sansang (산상왕 (山上王)) 227 – 248 – Dongcheon (동천왕 (東川王, 東襄王)) 248 – 270 – Jungcheon (중천왕 (中川王, 中襄王)) 270 – 292 – Seocheon (서천왕 (西川王, 西襄王)) 292 – 300 – Bongsang (봉상왕 (烽上太王, 鴙葛王)) 300 – 331 – Micheon (미천왕 (美川太王, 好攘王)) 331 – 371 – Gogugwon (고국원왕 (故國原王)) 371 – 384 – Sosurim (소수림왕 (小獸林王)) 384 – 391 – Gogugyang (고국양왕 (故國攘王)) 391 – 413 – Gwanggaeto the Great (국강상광개토경평안호태왕 (國彊上廣開土境平安好太王))

Pyongyang line 413 – 490 – Jangsu (장수왕 (長壽王)) 491 – 519 – Munjamyeong (문자명왕 (文咨明王)) 519 – 531 – Anjang (안장왕 (安藏王)) 531 – 545 – Anwon (안원왕 (安原王)) 545 – 559 – Yangwon (양원왕 (陽原王, 陽崗王)) 559 – 590 – Pyeongwon (평원왕 (平原王)) 590 – 618 – Yeongyang  (영양왕 (嬰陽王), 평양왕 (平陽王)) 618 – 642 – Yeongnyu (영류왕 (榮留王)) 642 – 668 – Bojang (보장왕 (寶藏王))

Baekje (18 BC – AD 660) 18 BCE – 29 CE – Onjo (온조왕 (溫祚王))  (son of Dongmyeongseong of Goguryeo) 29 – 77 – Daru (다루왕 (多婁王)) 77 – 128 – Giru (기루왕 (己婁王)) 128 – 166 – Gaeru (개루왕 (蓋婁王)) 166 – 214 – Chogo (초고왕 (肖古王)) 214 – 234 – Gusu (구수왕 (仇首王)) 234 – 234 – Saban (사반왕 (沙泮王)) 234 – 286 – Goi (고이왕 (古爾王)) 286 – 298 – Chaekgye (책계왕 (責稽王)) 298 – 304 – Bunseo (분서왕 (汾西王)) 304 – 344 – Biryu (비류왕 (比流王)) 344 – 346 – Gye (계왕 (契王)) 346 – 375 – Geunchogo (근초고왕 (近肖古王)) 375 – 384 – Geun-gusu (근구수왕 (近仇首王)) 384 – 385 – Chimnyu (침류왕 (枕流王)) 385 – 392 – Jinsa (진사왕 (辰斯王)) 392 – 405 – Asin (아신왕 (阿莘王)) 405 – 420 – Jeonji (전지왕 (腆支王)) 420 – 427 – Gu-isin (구이신왕 (久爾辛王)) 427 – 454 – Biyu (비유왕 (毗有王)) 454 – 475 – Gaero (개로왕 (蓋鹵王)) 475 – 477 – Munju (문주왕 (文周王)) 477 – 479 – Samgeun (삼근왕 (三斤王)) 479 – 501 – Dongseong (동성왕 (東城王)) 501 – 523 – Muryeong (무령왕 (武寧王)) 523 – 554 – Seong (성왕 (聖王)) 554 – 598 – Wideok (위덕왕 (威德王)) 598 – 599 – Hye (혜왕 (惠王)) 599 – 600 – Beop (법왕 (法王)) 600 – 641 – Mu (무왕 (武王)) 641 – 660 – Uija (의자왕 (義慈王))

Silla (57 BC – 935 CE) 57 BCE4 CE – Hyeokgeose Geoseogan  (혁거세 거서간 (朴赫居世居西干)) 4 – 24Namhae Chachaung  (남해 차차웅 (南解次次雄)) 24 – 57Yuri Yisageum  (유리이사금 (儒理尼師今 ))  (Kings Yuri to Heurhae bore the Korean title Isageum, an old word for “ruler”) 57 – 80Talhae Isageum  (탈해이사금 (脫解尼師今)) 80 – 112Pasa Isageum  (파사이사금 (婆娑尼師今 )) 112 – 134Jima Isageum  (지마이사금 (祗摩尼師今 )) 134 – 154Ilseong Isageum  (일성이사금 (逸聖尼師今 )) 154 – 184Adalla Isageum  (아달라이사금 (阿達羅尼師今)) 184 – 196Beolhyu Isageum  (벌휴이사금 (伐休尼師今)) 196 – 230Naehae Isageum  (내해이사금 (奈解尼師)) 230 – 247Jobun Isageum  (조분이사금 (助賁尼師今)) 247 – 261Cheomhae Isageum  (첨해이사금 (沾解尼師今)) 262 – 284Michu Isageum  (미추이사금 (味鄒尼師今)) 284 – 298Yurye Isageum  (유례이사금 (儒禮尼師今)) 298 – 310Girim Isageum  (기림이사금 (基臨尼師今)) 310 – 356Heulhae Isageum  (흘해이사금 (訖解尼師今)) 356 – 402Naemul Maripgan  (내물마립간 (奈勿麻立干))  (Kings Naemul to Soji bore the Korean title Maripgan, an old word for “ruler”) 402 – 417Silseong Maripgan  (실성마립간 (實聖麻立干)) 417 – 458Nulji Maripgan  (눌지마립간 (訥祗麻立干)) 458 – 479Jabi Maripgan  (자비마립간 (慈悲麻立干)) 479 – 500Soji Maripgan  (소지마립간 (炤智麻立干)) 500 – 514King Jijeung (지증왕 (智證王))  (Kings Jijeung to Gyeongsun bore the title Wang (the modern Korean word for “king”), with the exceptions noted below) 514 – 540King Beopheung the Great  (법흥태왕 (法興太王))  (“King Beopheung the Great” is a translation of Beopheung Taewang, “Taewang” meaning “great king”) 540 – 576King Jinheung the Great  (진흥태왕 (眞興太王))  (“King Jinheung the Great” is a translation of Jinheung Taewang, “Taewang” meaning “great king”) 576 – 579King Jinji (진지왕 (眞智王)) 579 – 632King Jinpyeong (진평왕 (眞平王)) 632 – 647Queen Seondeok (선덕왕 (善德王)) 647 – 654Queen Jindeok (진덕왕 (眞德王)) 654 – 661King Muyeol the Great  (태종무열왕 (太宗武烈王))  (“King Muyeol the Great” is a translation of Muyeol Daewang, “Daewang” meaning “great king”)

Unified Silla 661 – 681King Munmu  (문무대왕 (文武大王)) 681 – 691King Sinmun (신문왕 (神文王)) 692 – 702King Hyoso (효소왕 (孝昭王)) 702 – 737King Seongdeok the Great  (성덕대왕 (聖德大王))  (“King Seongdeok the Great” is a translation of Seongdeok Daewang, “Daewang” meaning “great king”) 737 – 742King Hyoseong (효성왕 (孝成王)) 742 – 765King Gyeongdeok  (경덕왕 (景德王)) 765 – 780King Hyegong (혜공왕 (惠恭王)) 780 – 785King Seondeok (선덕왕 (宣德王)) 785 – 798King Wonseong (원성왕 (元聖王)) 798 – 800King Soseong (소성왕 (昭聖王)) 800 – 809King Aejang (애장왕 (哀莊王)) 809826King Heondeok (헌덕왕 (憲德王)) 826 – 836King Heungdeok  (흥덕왕 (興德王)) 836 – 838King Huigang (희강왕 (僖康王)) 838 – 839King Minae (민애왕 (閔哀王)) 839 – 839 – King Sinmu (신무왕 (神武王)) 839 – 857King Munseong (문성왕 (文聖王)) 857 – 861King Heonan (헌안왕 (憲安王)) 861 – 875King Gyeongmun  (경문왕 (景文王)) 875 – 886King Heongang (헌강왕 (憲康王))

886 – 887King Jeonggang (정강왕 (定康王)) 887 – 897Queen Jinseong (진성왕 (眞聖王)) 897 – 912King Hyogong (효공왕 (孝恭王)) 913 – 917King Sindeok (신덕왕 (神德王)) 917 – 924King Gyeongmyeong  (경명왕 (景明王)) 924 – 927King Gyeongae (경애왕 (景哀王)) 927 – 935King Gyeongsun (경순왕 (敬順王))

Gaya confederacy (42-562)

Geumgwan Gaya (42-532) 42 – 199 – Suro of Geumgwan Gaya  (수로왕 (首露王)) 199 – 259 – Geodeung of Geumgwan Gaya  (거등왕 (居登王) 259 – 291 – Mapum of Geumgwan Gaya  (마품왕 (麻品王)) 291 – 346 – Geojilmi of Geumgwan Gaya  (거질미왕 (居叱彌王)) 346 – 407 – Isipum of Geumgwan Gaya  (이시품왕 (伊尸品王)) 407 – 421 – Jwaji of Geumgwan Gaya  (좌지왕 (坐知王)) 421 – 451 – Chwihui of Geumgwan Gaya  (취희왕 (吹希王)) 451 – 492 – Jilji of Geumgwan Gaya  (질지왕 (銍知王)) 492 – 521 – Gyeomji of Geumgwan Gaya  (겸지왕 (鉗知王)) 521 – 532 – Guhyeong of Geumgwan Gaya  (구형왕 (仇衡王))

Daegaya (42-562) 42 CE – ? – Ijinasi of Daegaya (이진아시왕 (伊珍阿豉王)) — ? – ? – Geumnim of Daegaya (금림왕 (錦林王)) — ? – ? – Haji of Daegaya (하지왕 (荷知王)) — ? – ? – Gasil of Daegaya (가실왕 (嘉悉王) or (嘉實王)) — ? – ? – Inoe of Daegaya (이뇌왕 (異腦王)) ? – 562 – Crown Prince Wolgwang or Doseolji of Daegaya (월광태자 (月光太子) or 도설지왕 (道設智王))

Balhae (698 – 926) 698 – 719 – Go (고왕 (高王)) 719 – 737 – Mu (무왕 (武王)) 737 – 793 – Mun (문왕 (文王)) 793 – 794 – Dae Won-ui (대원의 (大元義)) 794 – 794 – Seong (성왕 (成王) 794 – 808 – Gang (강왕 (康王)) 808 – 812 – Jeong (정왕 (定王)) 812 – 817? – Hui (희왕 (僖王)) 817? – 818? – Gan (간왕 (簡王)) 818? – 830 – Seon (선왕 (宣王)) 830 – 857 – Dae Ijin (대이진 (大彝震)) 857 – 871 – Dae Geonhwang (대건황 (大虔晃)) 871 – 895 – Dae Hyeonseok (대현석 (大玄錫)) 895 – 906 – Dae Wihae (대위해 (大瑋瑎) 906 – 926 – Dae Inseon (대인선 (大諲譔)

Later Baekje

Hubaekje (900-936) 900 – 935 – Gyeon Hwon (견훤 (甄萱)) 935 – 936 – Singeom (신검 (神劍))

Later Goguryeo (901-918) 901 – 918 – Gung-ye (궁예 (弓裔))

Goryeo (918-1392) 918 – 943 – Taejo (태조 (太祖)) 943 – 945 – Hyejong (혜종 (惠宗)) 945 – 949 – Jeongjong (정종 (定宗)) 949 – 975 – Gwangjong (광종 (光宗)) 975 – 981 – Gyeongjong (경종 (景宗)) 981 – 997 – Seongjong (성종 (成宗)) 997 – 1009 – Mokjong (목종 (穆宗)) 1009 – 1031 – Hyeonjong (현종 (顯宗)) 1031 – 1034 – Deokjong (덕종 (德宗)) 1034 – 1046 – Jeongjong (정종 (靖宗)) 1046 – 1083 – Munjong (문종 (文宗)) 1083 – 1083 – Sunjong (순종 (順宗)) 1083 – 1094 – Seonjong (선종 (宣宗)) 1094 – 1095 – Heonjong (헌종 (獻宗)) 1095 – 1105 – Sukjong (숙종 (肅宗)) 1105 – 1122 – Yejong (예종 (睿宗)) 1122 – 1146 – Injong (인종 (仁宗)) 1146 – 1170 – Uijong (의종 (毅宗)) 1170 – 1197 – Myeongjong (명종 (明宗)) 1197 – 1204 – Sinjong (신종 (神宗)) 1204 – 1211 – Huijong (희종 (熙宗)) 1211 – 1213 – Gangjong (강종 (康宗)) 1213 – 1259 – Gojong (고종 (高宗)) 1259 – 1274 – Wonjong (원종 (元宗)) 1274 – 1308 – Chungnyeol (충렬왕 (忠烈王)) 1308 – 1313 – Chungseon (충선왕 (忠宣王)) 1313 – 1330 – Chungsuk (충숙왕 (忠肅王)) 1330 – 1332 – Chunghye (충혜왕 (忠惠王)) 1332 – 1339 – Chungsuk (충숙왕 (忠肅王)) 1339 – 1344 – Chunghye (충혜왕 (忠惠王)) 1344 – 1348 – Chungmok (충목왕 (忠穆王)) 1348 – 1351 – Chungjeong (충정왕 (忠靖王)) 1351 – 1374 – Gongmin (공민왕 (恭愍王)) 1374 – 1388 – U (우왕 (禑王)) 1388 – 1389 – Chang (창왕 (昌王)) 1389 – 1392 – Gongyang (공양왕 (恭讓王))

Joseon (1392 – 1897) 1392 – 1398 – Taejo (태조 (太祖)) 1398 – 1400 – Jeongjong (정종 (定宗)) 1400 – 1418 – Taejong (태종 (太宗)) 1418 – 1450 – Sejong the Great (세종 (世宗)) 1450 – 1452 – Munjong (문종 (文宗)) 1452 – 1455 – Danjong (단종 (端宗)) 1455 – 1468 – Sejo (세조 (世祖)) 1468 – 1469 – Yejong (예종 (睿宗)) 1469 – 1494 – Seongjong (성종 (成宗)) 1494 – 1506 – Yeonsangun (연산군 (燕山君)) 1506 – 1544 – Jungjong (중종 (中宗)) 1544 – 1545 – Injong (인종 (仁宗)) 1545 – 1567 – Myeongjong (명종 (明宗)) 1567 – 1608 – Seonjo (선조 (宣祖)) 1608 – 1623 – Gwanghaegun (광해군 (光海君)) 1623 – 1649 – Injo (인조 (仁祖)) 1649 – 1659 – Hyojong (효종 (孝宗))
1659 – 1674 – Hyeonjong (현종 (顯宗)) 1674 – 1720 – Sukjong (숙종 (肅宗)) 1720 – 1724 – Gyeongjong (경종 (景宗)) 1724 – 1776 – Yeongjo (영조 (英祖)) 1776 – 1800 – Jeongjo (정조 (正祖)) 1800 – 1834 – Sunjo (순조 (純祖)) 1834 – 1849 – Heonjong (헌종 (憲宗)) 1849 – 1863 – Cheoljong (철종 (哲宗)) 1863 – 1897 – Gojong (고종 (高宗))

Korean Empire

1897 – 1907 – Gojong (고종),     Gwangmu (광무 (光武)) 1907 – 1910 – Sunjong (순종),     Yunghui (융희 (隆熙))

 

Korea under Japanese rule

Governor-General of Korea

1910 – 1916 – Field-Marshal Count Terauchi Masatake (寺内) 1916 – 1919 – Field-Marshal Count Hasegawa Yoshimichi (長谷川好道) 1919 – 1927 – Admiral Viscount Saitō Makoto (斎藤 実) 1927 – 1927 – General Ugaki Kazushige (宇垣 一成) 1927 – 1929 – General Yamanashi Hanzō (山梨半造,) second time 1929 – 1931 – Viscount Saitō Makoto (斎藤 実) second time 1931 – 1936 – General Ugaki Kazushige (宇垣 一成) 1936 – 1942 – General Minami Jirō (南次郎) 1942 – 1944 – General (ret’d) Koiso Kuniaki (小磯 國昭) 1944 – 1945 – General (ret’d) Abe Nobuyuki (阿部信行)

Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea

September 11, 1919 – March 21, 1925 – Syngman Rhee – Impeached by the Provisional Assembly March 24, 1925 – September 1925 – Park Eunsik September 1925 – January 1926 – Yi Sang-ryong January 1926 – July 7, 1926 – Yi Dongnyeong July 7, 1926 – December 9, 1926 – Hong Jin December 9, 1926 – August 1927 – Kim Gu August 1927 – October 1933 – Yi Dongnyeong October 1933 – October 1935 – Yang Gi-tak October 1935 – 1940 – Yi Dongnyeong 1940 – July 24, 1948 – Kim Gu July 24, 1948 – April 26, 1960 – Syngman Rhee (first president of the Republic of Korea)

North Korea president

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly (1948 – 1972)

1948 – 1957 – Kim Tu-bong 1957 – 1972 – Choi Yong-kun

President of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (1972 – Present)

1972 – Incumbent – Kim Il-sung  (Kim Il-sung died on 8 July 1994, but has since been posthumously named the “Eternal President of the Republic”. His son and successor as leader, Kim Jong-il, is thus not given the title of President.)

Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly (1998 – Present)

1998 – Incumbent – Kim Yong-nam

South Koreas president

1948 – 1960 – Yi Syngman (Syngman Rhee) 1960 – 1962 – Yun Bo-seon 1963 – 1979 – Park Chung-hee 1979 – 1980 – Choi Kyu-ha 1980 – 1988 – Chun Doo-hwan 1988 – 1993 – Roh Tae-woo 1993 – 1998 – Kim Young-sam 1998 – 2003 – Kim Dae-jung 2003 – 2008 – Roh Moo-hyun 2008 – Incumbent – Lee Myung-bak

 

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